Axenfeld and Reiger syndromes

In both of these inherited conditions, there is a tendency for the iris (the coloured part of the eye) and the margin of the cornea (clear window of the eye) to develop abnormally.

As a result, the channels which drain the fluid produced in the eye (aqueous fluid) are less open and the pressure in the eye may rise causing a form of glaucoma. If that happens, treatment is similar to other types of primary open angle glaucoma.

In general, medical treatment with pressure-lowering drops is implemented. Should the pressure in the eye remain at a level which causes deterioration in the field of vision, then surgery is likely to be considered.